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TitleComparison between two hydrodynamic models for flooding simulations at river Lima basin
Author(s)Pinho, José L. S.
Ferreira, R.
Vieira, L.
Schwanenberg, D.
KeywordsHydrodynamic modelling
Hydroinformatics tools
River flood forecasting
Hydrodynamic model
River water management
Issue date2015
JournalWater Resources Management
CitationPinho, J., Ferreira, R., Vieira, L., & Schwanenberg, D. (2015). Comparison Between Two Hydrodynamic Models for Flooding Simulations at River Lima Basin. Water Resources Management, 29(2), 431-444. doi: 10.1007/s11269-014-0878-6
Abstract(s)According to EU flood risks directive, flood hazard maps should include information on hydraulic characteristics of vulnerable locations, i.e. the inundated areas, water depths and velocities. These features can be assessed by the use of advanced hydraulic modelling tools which are presented in this paper based on a case study in the river Lima basin, Portugal. This river includes several flood-prone areas. Ponte Lima town is one of the places of higher flood risk. The upstream dams can lower the flood risks if part of its storage capacity is allocated for mitigating flood events. However, proper management of dam releases and the evaluation of downstream river flows should be considered for preventing flood damages. A hydrological and a one-dimensional hydrodynamic model were implemented, and at a particular flood-prone town, inundation was assessed using a two-dimensional model. The hydrological model is based on the well known Sacramento model. For this purpose, two different modelling implementations were analysed: a model based on a finite element mesh and a model based on rectangular grids. The computational performance of the two modelling implementations is evaluated. Historical flood events were used for model calibration serving as a basis for the establishment of different potential flood scenarios. Intense precipitation events in the river’s basin and operational dam releases are determinant for the occurrence of floods at vulnerable downstream locations. The inundation model based on the unstructured mesh reveals to be more computationally efficient if high spatial resolution is required. A new combination of software tools for floods simulation is presented including an efficient alternative for simulation of 2-D inundation using a finite element mesh instead of a grid.
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AccessRestricted access (UMinho)
Appears in Collections:C-TAC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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