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TitleLong-term effects of psychotherapy on moderate depression : a comparative study of narrative therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy
Author(s)Lopes, Rodrigo da Cunha Teixeira
Gonçalves, Miguel M.
Fassnacht, Daniel Benjamin
Machado, Paulo P. P.
Sousa, Inês
KeywordsUnipolar depression
Psychological treatment of depression
Long-term effects of psychological treatment
Empirically supported therapies (ESTs)
Narrative therapy
Cognitive-behavioral therapy
Issue date2014
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Abstract(s)Background: In a previous clinical controlled trial (Lopes et al., 2014), narrative therapy (NT) showed promising results in ameliorating depressive symptoms with comparable outcomes to cognitivebehavioral therapy (CBT) when patients completed treatment. This paper aims to assess depressive symptoms and interpersonal problems in this clinical sample at follow-up. Methods: Using the Beck Depression Inventory-II and Outcome Questionnaire-45.2 Interpersonal Relations Scale, naturalistic prospective follow-up assessment was conducted at 21 and 31 months after the last treatment session. Results: At follow-up, patients kept improving in terms of depressive symptoms and interpersonal problems. The odds that a patient maintained recovery from depressive symptoms at follow-up were five times higher than the odds that a patient maintained recovery from interpersonal problems. In the same way, the odds of a patient never recovering from interpersonal problems were five times higher than the odds of never recovering from depressive symptoms. Limitations: The study did not control for the natural course of depression or treatment continuation. Conclusions: For depressed patients with greater interpersonal disabilities, longer treatment plans and alternative continuation treatments should be considered.
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CIPsi - Artigos (Papers)

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