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TitleStarch-based polymer-IL composites formed by compression moulding and supercritical fluid foaming for self-supported conductive material
Author(s)Craveiro, R.
Martins, M.
Santos, G. B.
Correia, N.
Dionísio, M.
Barreiros, S.
Duarte, Ana Rita C.
Reis, R. L.
Paiva, Alexandre
Ionic liquids
Supercritical fluids
Issue date2014
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry
JournalRSC Advances
Abstract(s)In this work, blend of starch and poly-e-caprolactone (PCL) doped with different concentrations of 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate ([BMIM]Ac) or 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([BMIM]Cl) was studied. The blends were characterized by mechanical analysis, infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and dielectric relaxation spectroscopy (DRS), evaluating the IL doping effect. The samples were submitted to supercritical carbon dioxide foaming and the morphology of the structures was assessed. DSC shows a single glass transition and melting endotherm for foamed and unfoamed samples, undergoing no effect upon IL doping, and DRS shows increased molecular mobility for blends with higher IL concentrations, and some hindrance for lower ones. Conductivity for SPCL doped with 30% [BMIM]Cl, before and after foaming, is comparable to conductivity of the IL but exhibiting more stable conductivity values, opening doors for applications as self-supported conductive materials.
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Appears in Collections:3B’s - Artigos em revistas/Papers in scientific journals

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