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TitleMapping expressive differences around the world : the relationship between emotional display rules and individualism versus collectivism
Author(s)Matsumoto, David
Seung Hee Yoo
Fontaine, Johnny
Anguas-Wong, Ana Maria
Arriola, Monica
Ataca, Bilge
Bond, Michael Harris
Boratav, Hale Bolak
Breugelmans, Seger M.
Cabecinhas, Rosa
KeywordsDisplay rules
Cultural norms
Issue date2008
PublisherSAGE Publications
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Abstract(s)Despite the importance of the concept of cultural display rules in explaining cultural differences in emo- tional expression and despite the fact that it has been more than 30 years since this concept was coined, there is yet to be a study that surveys display rules across a wide range of cultures. This article reports such a study. More than 5,000 respondents in 32 countries completed the Display Rule Assessment Inventory. The authors examined five hypotheses concerning the relationship between display rules and individualism-collectivism (IC). The findings indicated the existence of several universal effects, includ- ing greater expression toward in-groups versus out-groups, and an overall regulation effect. Individualistic and collectivistic cultures differed on overall expressivity endorsement and in norms concerning specific emotions in in-group and out-group situations.
Publisher version
AccessRestricted access (UMinho)
Appears in Collections:CECS - Artigos em revistas internacionais / Articles in international journals

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