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TitleTolerance of Pinus pinaster Ait. to salt: responses to oxidative stress
Author(s)Azevedo, Herlânder
Neto, T. Lino
Tavares, R. M.
Issue dateAug-2004
PublisherSpringer Heidelberg
JournalActa Physiologiae Plantarum
Abstract(s)Introduction: Pinus pinaster Ait. (maritime pine) is a two-needle pine distributed throughout the Western Mediterranean basin. Its characteristics make it economically important for pulp and timber industries. P. pinaster is a pioneer species thriving in dune systems, well adapted to growth in sandy silicate soils. Its increased adaptability to shoreline ecosystems should result from tolerance to salt stress, both at plant and cellular levels. We investigated the responses of P. pinaster suspension cells and seedlings to salt, in terms of ROS production and anti-oxidant systems activation. Mat&Meth: Responses over time were analysed in suspension cells subjected to 100mM NaCl and seedlings subjected to 350mM NaCl. Seedlings were also subjected to different NaCl concentrations up to 600mM. ROS was quantified using XTT (Able et al., 1998), H2DCFDA (Civoli, 1994) and KI (Loreto and Velikova, 2001). Lipid peroxidation was quantified using MDA (Loreto and Velikova, 2001). Chlorophyl was determined according to Hipkins and Baker (1986). Superoxide dismutase (Sod) activity was evaluated by in-gel assay (Beauchamp and Fridovich, 1971). Chloroplastic Cu,Zn-SOD and Fe-SOD genes were isolated from a cDNA library and used in expression analysis, according to standard procedures. Results: Growth curves of suspension cells indicate 100mM NaCl as the fittest concentration for stress induction studies. Cells suffer an initial burst of superoxide anion, coupled with increase in lipid peroxidation. Chloroplastic Fe-Sod is the only SOD isoenzyme up-regulated in suspension cells as a response to salt. Seedlings suffer a transient increase in ROS but adapt to surpass the oxidative stress caused by NaCl up to 450 mM. Lipid peroxidation also increases. The reduced decrease in chlorophyll content of seedlings suggests capacity for maintaing photosynthetic activity. Chloroplastic Fe-SOD and Cu-Zn-SOD are differently expressed during salt stress. Bibliography: Able AJ, Guest DI, Sutherland MW. 1998. Use of a new tetrazolium-based assay to study the production of superoxide radicals by tobacco cell cultures challenged with avirulent zoospores of Phytophthora parasitica var nicotianae. Plant Physiol 117(2):491-499. Beauchamp C, Fridovich I. 1971. Superoxide dismutase: improved assay and an assay applicable to acrylamide gels. Anal. Biochem. 44:276-286. Hipkins MF, Baker NR. 1986. Photosynthesis energy transduction: a practical approach. IRL Press, Oxford pp:62-63. Loreto F, Velikova V. 2001. Isoprene produced by leaves protects the photosynthetic apparatus against ozone damage, quenches ozone products and reduces lipid peroxidation of cellular membranes. Plant Physiol 127:1781-1787. Ubezio P, Civoli F. 1994. Flow cytometric detection of hydrogen peroxide production induced by doxorubicin in cancer cells. Free Radic Biol Med 16:509-516.
DescriptionPoster apresentado no "14th Federation of European Societies of Plant Biology Congress", Cracóvia, Polónia, em 2004.
AccessRestricted access (UMinho)
Appears in Collections:DBio - Comunicações/Communications in Congresses

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