Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1822/28570

TitleTimely and effectively profile bacteria in cystic fibrosis lungs
Author(s)Sousa, A. M.
Lourenço, Anália
Fdez-Riverola, Florentino
Diniz, Júlio
Capelo, José Luis
Pereira, Maria Olívia
KeywordsColony morphotypes
Phenotypic switching
Antibiotic susceptibility
Virulence
MALDI MS
Issue date2012
Abstract(s)Bacterial lung infections are typical of cystic fibrosis (CF) disease due to accumulation of airway mucus. Despite the use of aggressive antibiotic therapy, the mortality rate of CF patients is still high. Unsuccessful bacterial eradication is often due to several evolutional strategies adopted by bacteria to achieve anaerobic or microaerophilic adaptation and antibiotic resistance, such as biofilm formation and phenotypic switching. By triggering these strategies, bacteria have the potential to better survive to airway stressful conditions, without the fitness costs of irreversible mutations. Indeed, phenotypic switching provides a source of microbial diversity through interchange between phenotypic states, analogue to a mechanism ON/OFF. This interchange of states, often visible in terms of colony morphology, can have serious impact on bacterial virulence, antimicrobial resistance and persistence1. However, the specific correlation between some colony traits and the biological impact is unknown. This study was designed to inspect P. aeruginosa and S. aureus colony phenotypic alterations, particularly morphology changes, by visual inspection, and protein profiles by MALDI MS, and correlate them with some virulence determinants expression and antibiotic susceptibility profiles. The visual identification of colony morphologies was supported by a novel, in-house developed identification system, ColMIS2. MALDI MS profiling grouped colony morphotypes differently from conventional morphological classification and antibiotic susceptibility. However, MALDI MS colony differentiation seems to match with changes in some virulence factors expressed by the different bacterial morphotypes, such as the increase of flagella, swarmer cell differentiation, ability to form biofilm and toxin production. Despite exhibiting distinct colony morphologies, the variants grouped by MALDI shared a common morphological feature, the heterogeneity of colony surface (more than one type of texture). Therefore, these data seems to indicate that MALDI MS clustered colony variants according their virulence that can be inspected by just the heterogeneous surface of the colonies, than the whole morphology. However, this association have to be deeper studied, since other colonies with heterogeneous surfaces were differentially clustered by MALDI MS and, despite decreased virulence, exhibited high resistance to in-use antibiotics. These results highlighted the potential and the need of using a combination of proteomic high-throughput screening of pathogenic bacteria with culturing and physiologic methods to reach a comprehensive understanding of the virulence and antibiotic resistance. Efforts are already underway to develop a new tool based on combinatorial methodologies to help clinical diagnosis and medical decision support, as well the design of new therapeutic strategies. Acknowledgments: The financial support from IBB-CEB and FCT and European Community fund FEDER, through Program COMPETE (FCT PTDC/SAU-SAP/113196/2009/ FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-016012) and Ana Margarida Sousa PhD Grant (SFRH/BD/72551/2010) are gratefully acknowledged.
TypeAbstract
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/1822/28570
Peer-Reviewedno
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CEB - Resumos em Livros de Atas / Abstracts in Proceedings

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