Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1822/28170

TitlePortability and performance in heterogeneous many core Systems
Author(s)Ribeiro, Roberto
Advisor(s)Santos, Luís Paulo
Issue date15-Dec-2011
Abstract(s)Current computing systems have a multiplicity of computational resources with different architectures, such as multi-core CPUs and GPUs. These platforms are known as heterogeneous many-core systems (HMS) and as computational resources evolve they are o ering more parallelism, as well as becoming more heterogeneous. Exploring these devices requires the programmer to be aware of the multiplicity of associated architectures, computing models and development framework. Portability issues, disjoint memory address spaces, work distribution and irregular workload patterns are major examples that need to be tackled in order to e ciently explore the computational resources of an HMS. This dissertation goal is to design and evaluate a base architecture that enables the identi cation and preliminary evaluation of the potential bottlenecks and limitations of a runtime system that addresses HMS. It proposes a runtime system that eases the programmer burden of handling all the devices available in a heterogeneous system. The runtime provides a programming and execution model with a uni ed address space managed by a data management system. An API is proposed in order to enable the programmer to express applications and data in an intuitive way. Four di erent scheduling approaches are evaluated that combine di erent data partitioning mechanisms with di erent work assignment policies and a performance model is used to provide some performance insights to the scheduler. The runtime e ciency was evaluated with three di erent applications - matrix multiplication, image convolution and n-body Barnes-Hut simulation - running in multicore CPUs and GPUs. In terms of productivity the results look promising, however, combining scheduling and data partitioning revealed some ine ciencies that compromise load balancing and needs to be revised, as well as the data management system that plays a crucial role in such systems. Performance model driven decisions were also evaluated which revealed that the accuracy of a performance model is also a compromising component.
TypeMaster thesis
DescriptionDissertação de mestrado em Informática
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/1822/28170
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:BUM - Dissertações de Mestrado

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