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TitleInfluence of albumin on the tribological behavior of Ag-Ti (C, N) thin films for orthopedic implants
Author(s)Alves, C. F.
Oliveira, Fernando
Carvalho, I.
Piedade, Ana Paula
Carvalho, S.
KeywordsNanostructured coatings
Hydrophobic surface
Lubrication limit
Critical wetting tension
Issue date2014
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering: C
Abstract(s)With the increase of elderly population and the health problems arising nowadays, such as cancer, knee and hip joint prostheses are widely used worldwide. It is estimated that 20% of hip replacement surgeries simply fail after 5 years, due to wear loosening, instability and infection. In this paper it is reported the study of advanced materials with the ability to overcome some of these drawbacks. The development of ceramic coatings, based on carbonitrides of transition metals, such as TiCN, doped with silver, Ag, may represent an effective solution. Thin films of Ag-TiCN were produced by dc reactive magnetron sputtering with silver contents ranging from 4 to 8 at. %. The physical, chemical, structural, morphological/topographical, mechanical and tribological properties were evaluated. The tribological tests were performed in a unidirectional wear simulator, pin on disc, being the antagonists of a ceramic Al2O3 ball, and using simulate body fluids as lubricant. Hank’s Balanced Salt Solution (HBSS) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) in HBSS were chosen, in order to evaluate the lubrication ability of the solution containing the protein, albumin. The results revealed that the coatings with Ag content ranging from 4 to 8 at. %, were the most promising, as the tribological properties were superior to the results reported by other authors, which also developed Ag-TiCN coatings containing similar Ag contents and using similar test conditions. The presence of albumin lead to a lower wear in all the test conditions, and this enhancement was higher in the hydrophobic surfaces.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CDF - GRF - Artigos/Papers (with refereeing)

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