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|Title:||Biomedical exploitation of squid chitosan using particle aggregation derived composite scaffolds|
|Author(s):||Reys, L. L.|
Silva, Simone Santos
Mano, J. F.
Silva, Tiago H.
Reis, R. L.
|Keywords:||3D porous composite|
|Publisher:||John Wiley and Sons|
|Abstract(s):||In the last decades, marine organisms have been the focus of considerable attention as potential source of valuable materials. Some important examples are β-chitin isolated from the endoskeleton of squids and hydroxyapatite (HA) produced from fish-bones. β-chitin is a structural polysaccharide more reactive than the most common α crystallographic form, thus allowing the production of chitosan with high deacetylation degree without a significant effect on molecular weight. HA (Ca10(PO4)6(HO)2), found in fish bones, has special importance in biomedical field due to its similarities with the mineral constituents of human bones. In this work, the biomedical potential of squid chitosan and fish hydroxyapatite was assessed by processing them into composite porous structures by particle agglomeration for tissue engineering scaffolding. For that, β-chitin was isolated from endoskeleton of giant squid Dosidicus gigas and further deacetylated to produce chitosan. Hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (nHA) were synthesized from fish bones by pulsed laser in deionized water. Subsequently, a solution of 2% chitosan and 3% nHA in 1% acetic acid was extruded through a syringe at a constant rate into a NaOH gelation bath to form chitosan/nHA particles. These particles were subjected to a crosslinking reaction using gluteraldehyde and further randomly packed into a mould to render porous structures by particle aggregation promoted by physical or thermal interaction. The developed structures are characterized by low porosity but high interconnectivity, being essentially semi-crystalline, with a compression modulus of 48 MPa. To examine cell behavior in the developed structures, 1x105 human adipose derived stem cells (hASC) were seeded in the nanocomposite scaffolds and in chitosan-alone scaffolds. Preliminary results after 7 days of culture have shown that the nHA scaffolds were more favorable for hASC proliferation in comparison with chitosan scaffolds, as reflected in the increase of 30% in the dsDNA quantity. These findings indicated that the chitosan/nHA structures can be a good candidate for biomedical applications, namely on bone regeneration.|
|Description:||Publicado em "Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine", vol. 7, supp. 1 (2013)|
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