Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1822/26995

TitleContrasting the effectiveness and efficiency of virtual reality and real environments in the treatment of acrophobia
Author(s)Coelho, Carlos M.
Silva, Carlos F.
Santos, Jorge A.
Tichon, Jennifer
Wallis, Guy
KeywordsAcrophobia
Heights
Virtual reality
Fear
Treatment
Issue date2008
PublisherPsychnology
JournalPsychnology journal
Abstract(s)Previous studies reported good results in using virtual reality for the treatment of acrophobia. Similarly this paper reports the use of a virtual environment for the treatment of acrophobia. In the study, 10 subjects were exposed to three sessions of simulated heights in a virtual reality (VR) system, and 5 others were exposed to a real environment. Both groups revealed significant progress in a range of anxiety, avoidance and behaviour measurements when confronted with virtual as well as real height circumstances. Despite VR participants experiencing considerably shorter treatment times than the real-world subjects, significant improvements were recorded on the Behavioural Avoidance Test, the Attitudes Toward Heights Questionnaire and the Acrophobia Questionnaire. These results are suggestive of a possible higher effectiveness and efficiency of VR in treating acrophobia.
TypeArticle
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/1822/26995
ISSN1720-7525
Publisher versionhttp://www.psychnology.org/File/PNJ6(2)/PSYCHNOLOGY_JOURNAL_6_2_COELHO.pdf
Peer-Reviewedyes
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CIPsi - Artigos (Papers)

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