Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1822/26898

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dc.contributor.authorMartins, P.-
dc.contributor.authorLopes, A. C.-
dc.contributor.authorLanceros-Méndez, S.-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-11T14:31:19Z-
dc.date.available2013-12-11T14:31:19Z-
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.identifier.issn0079-6700por
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1822/26898-
dc.descriptionIn Presspor
dc.description.abstractPoly(vinylidene fluoride), PVDF, and its copolymers are the family of polymers with the highest dielectric constant and electroactive response, including piezoelectric, pyroelectric and ferroelectric effects. The electroactive properties are increasingly important in a wide range of applications such as in biomedicine, energy generation and storage, monitorization and control and include the development of sensors and actuators, separator and filtration membranes and smart scaffolds, among others. For many of these applications the polymer should be in one of its electroactive phases. This review presents the developments and summarizes the main characteristics of the electroactive phases of PVDF and copolymers, indicates the different processing strategies as well as the way in which the phase content is identified and quantified. Further, recent advances in the development of electroactive composites allowing novel effects, such as magnetoelectric responses, and opening new applications areas are presented. Finally, some of the more interesting potential application and processing challenges are discussed.por
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by FEDER through the COMPETE Program and by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) in the framework of the Strategic Project PEST-C/FIS/UI607/2011 and the projects PTDC/CTM/69316/2006, PTDC/CTM-NAN/112574/2009, and NANO/NMed-SD/0156/2007 projects. P.M. and A.C.L. thank the support of the FCT (grants SFRH/BD/45265/2008 and SFRH/BD/62507/2009, respectively).We also thank the support from the COST Actions MP1003, European Scientific Network for Artificial Muscles, ESNAM, and MP0902, Composites of Inorganic Nanotubes and Polymers, COINAPO.por
dc.language.isoengpor
dc.publisherPergamon-Elsevier Science Ltdpor
dc.rightsrestrictedAccesspor
dc.subjectPoly(vinylidene fluoride)por
dc.subjectCopolymerspor
dc.subjectPiezoelectricpor
dc.subjectElectroactive phasespor
dc.titleElectroactive phases of poly(vinylidene fluoride) : determination, processing and applicationspor
dc.typearticlepor
dc.peerreviewedyespor
oaire.citationStartPage683por
oaire.citationEndPage706por
oaire.citationIssue4por
oaire.citationTitleProgress in Polymer Sciencepor
oaire.citationVolume39por
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2013.07.006-
dc.subject.wosScience & Technologypor
sdum.journalProgress in Polymer Sciencepor
Appears in Collections:CDF - FCD - Artigos/Papers (with refereeing)

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