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|Title:||Activity control in nitrifying biofilms: application of respirometric tests|
Melo, L. F.
|Abstract(s):||Nitrification is the biological oxidation of ammonia to nitrate via nitrite. These reactions are performed by aerobic autotrophic microorganisms, commonly known as nitrifiers. The nitrifiers are generally constituted of ammonia oxidizing bacteria and nitrite oxidizing bacteria. They are very sensitive to environmental factors, namely the pH, which has its optimum value in the range of 7.5 to 8.5 (Sharma end Ahlert, 1977) A simple method, the respiration rate measurement, has been extensively used in literature to characterize microbial populations in suspended cultures (Kristensen et al., 1992, Nowak and Svardal, 1993) and to monitor the nitrification performance of immobilized nitrifiers (Nakamura et al., 1995) and nitrifying activated sludge processes (Surmacz-Gorska et al., 1996). Respiration refers to reactions that use oxygen as an electron acceptor. The aim of the present study is to characterize the functional microorganism groups of a nitrifying biofilm using a simple microbial activity measurement, the respiration rate, and to use this information to identify disturbances that have an impact on process performance.|
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