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TitlePreliminary study on the adhesion and proliferation of human osteoblasts on starch-based scaffolds
Author(s)Salgado, A. J.
Gomes, Manuela E.
Chou, A.
Coutinho, O. P.
Reis, R. L.
Hutmacher, D. W.
KeywordsStarch-based scaffolds
Degradable polymers
Tissue engineering
Cell culture
Issue date2002
PublisherElsevier Science
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering: C
Citation"Materials Science and Engineering C". 20 (2002) 27–33.
Abstract(s)Up to today, several techniques have been used to produce biodegradable porous scaffolds for tissue engineering. In this work, a new technique based on extrusion by using blowing agents in combination with a 50:50 (wt.%) blend of starch/cellulose acetate (SCA) was studied. The results show that by using this technique it was possible to obtain scaffolds with 70% of porosity and a fully interconnected network of pores, with sizes ranging from 200 to 500 Am. After their production, the mechanical properties of these scaffolds were tested, presenting a compressive modulus of 124.6+/-27.2 MPa and a compressive strength of 8.0F0.9 MPa. These values are within the best found in the literature and show that by using this technique, it is possible to produce scaffolds that, from a mechanical standpoint, may be suitable for bone tissue engineering. Cell culturing experiments showed that cells were viable and that there were no signs of cellular death after 3 weeks of culture. Finally, biochemical assays demonstrate that cells maintained the osteogenic phenotype throughout the experiment and deposition of mineralized extracellular matrix could be detected.
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Appears in Collections:3B’s - Artigos em revistas/Papers in scientific journals

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