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TitleEffect of low concentrations of synthetic surfactants on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) biodegradation
Author(s)Rodrigues, A. C.
Nogueira, R.
Melo, L. F.
Brito, A. G.
Issue date2013
JournalInternational Biodeterioration & Biodegradation
Abstract(s)The present study is focused on the effect of synthetic surfactants, at low concentration, on the kinetics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) biodegradation by Pseudomonas putida ATCC 17514 and addresses the specific issue of the effect of the surfactant on bacterial adhesion to PAH, which is believed to be an important mechanism for the uptake of hydrophobic compounds. For that purpose, three surfactants were tested, namely, the nonionic Tween 20, the anionic sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) and the cationic surfactant cetyltrymethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB). Data showed that the effect of each surfactant on the ability of strain ATCC 17514 to biodegrade fluoranthene and anthracene and to use them as growth substrate varied considerably. Tween 20, at a concentration of 0.08 mM, increased the biodegradation rate of fluoranthene and doubled the maximum specific biodegradation rate of anthracene. The presence of SDS, at a concentration of 0.35 mM, led to a reduction of 50% on the biodegradation rate of fluoranthene, but doubled the removal rate of the more hydrophobic anthracene (0.3 mg L−1 h−1). Finally, CTAB, at a concentration of 0.27 mM, had a negative effect on the biodegradation of both PAH, leading to an abrupt decrease on the biomass growth.
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CEB - Publicações em Revistas/Séries Internacionais / Publications in International Journals/Series

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