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TitleStructure–properties relationship in single polymer composites based on polyamide 6 prepared by in-mold anionic polymerization
Author(s)Dencheva, Nadya Vasileva
Denchev, Z.
Pouzada, A. S.
Sampaio, Ana Sofia
Rocha, A. M.
KeywordsAnionic polymerization
Single-polymer composites
Mechanical properties
Polymorph transitions in polyamides
X-ray scattering
Structure-properties relationship
Issue date2013
JournalJournal of materials science
Abstract(s)Single polymer composites (SPCs) based on polyamide 6 (PA6) were prepared by in-mold activated anionic ring-opening polymerization (AAROP) of capro- lactam in the presence of PA6 textile fibers. The influence of the reinforcing fibers content, their surface treatment, as well as of the temperature of AAROP upon the morphol- ogy, crystalline structure, and mechanical properties of the resulting SPCs was followed. The presence of oriented transcrystalline layer (TCL) on the surface of the rein- forcing fibers was demonstrated by means of microscopy methods. Its orientation and polymorph structure were determined by synchrotron wide-angle X-ray scattering. Studies on the mechanical behavior in tension of the SPCs showed a well-expressed growth of the stress at break (70–80 %) and deformation at break (up to 150–190 %) in composites with 15–20 wt% of reinforcements. The best mechanical properties were found in SPCs whose rein- forcing fibers were solvent-pretreated prior to AAROP in order to remove the original finish. In these samples a stronger adhesion at the fiber/matrix interface was proved by scanning electron microscopy of cryofractured samples. This effect was related to a thinner TCL in which the α-to-γ polymorph transition is impeded.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:IPC - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem

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