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TitleModerate exercise as an adjuvant therapy for treatment-resistant major depressive disorder : 6-month follow-up
Author(s)Mota-Pereira, Jorge
Silvério, Jorge Manuel Amaral
Fonte, Daniela
Carvalho, Serafim
Ramos, Joaquim
Ribeiro, José Carlos
Physical activity
Quality of life
Issue date2013
PublisherNova Science Publishers
Abstract(s)Although several international guidelines recommend exercise to reduce symptoms of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), data concerning the long-term effects of exercise in depression are still extremely scarce. Therefore, and in order to assess these long-term effects, we have evaluated treatment-resistant MDD patients previously enrolled in a moderate intensity 12 week exercise program at 3 and 6 months after the end of the program, regarding HAMD17, BDI, GAF, CGI-S, WHOQOL-Bref and SF-36. Results show that 47% of patients in the exercise group continued to exercise at follow-up. Those who continued to exercise maintained the same depression and functional parameters they showed after the 12 week exercise program, which were all improved compared to the initial values (p < 0.05). Those who stopped exercising showed worse HAMD17, GAF and CGI-S (p < 0.05) at 6 months follow-up than at the end of the exercise program. All patient groups maintained their QoL scores at 6 month follow-up compared to the scores at the end of the 12 week exercise program, regardless of continuing to exercise or not. Therefore, we suggest that positive effects of exercise on depression and functioning of treatment-resistant MDD only persist if exercise is continued over time. QoL improvements are maintained after 6 months follow-up, even for patients who stop exercising.
TypeBook part
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CIPsi - Livros e Capítulos de Livros

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