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|Title:||Effect of monocytes/macrophages on the early osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs|
|Author(s):||Pirraco, Rogério P.|
Reis, R. L.
Marques, A. P.
|Publisher:||John Wiley and Sons|
|Journal:||Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine|
|Abstract(s):||Heterotypic cell interactions are essential for the homeostasis of bone tissue, in particular the widely studied interaction between osteoblasts and osteoclasts. Closely related with osteoclasts are monocytes/macrophages. These have been shown to produce osteogenic factors, e.g. BMP-2, which plays a key role in bone metabolism. However, the mechanisms through which monocytes/macrophages interact with osteoblasts are still elusive. The aim of this work was to assess the influence of human peripheral blood monocytes/macrophages over the early osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSCs) in the presence of dexamethasone-supplemented medium. The co-cultures were performed using porous transwells that allowed the interaction between both cell types through the production of paracrine factors. The potential effect of BMP-2 produced by monocytes/macrophages was addressed by adding an anti-BMP-2 antibody to the co-cultures. hBMSCs cultured in the presence of monocytes/macrophages had a higher proliferation rate than hBMSCs monocultures. The quantification of early osteogenic marker alkaline phosphatase (ALP) revealed higher activity of this enzyme in cells in the co-culture throughout the time of culture. Both of these effects were inhibited by adding an anti-BMP-2 antibody to the cultures. Moreover, qRTPCR for osteocalcin and osteopontin transcripts showed overexpression of both markers. Once again, the effect of monocytes/macrophages over hBMSC osteogenic differentiation was completely inhibited in the co-cultures by blocking BMP-2. The present report confirmed that monocytes/macrophages produce BMP-2, which promotes osteogenic differentiation and proliferation of hBMSCs cumulatively to dexamethasone-supplemented medium. This potentially implies that monocyte/macrophages play a stronger role in bone homeostasis than so far supposed.|
|Appears in Collections:||3B’s - Artigos em revistas/Papers in scientific journals|