Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

TitleFunctionalization of wool with L-cysteine : process characterization and assessment of antimicrobial activity and cytotoxicity
Author(s)Gouveia, Isabel
Sá, Daniela
Henriques, Mariana
KeywordsAntimicrobial textiles
S. aureus
antimicrobial textiles; biopolymers; S. aureus;
K. pneumoniae
Sulfhydryl groups
Ellman’s reagent
Issue date2012
PublisherJohn Wiley and Sons
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Abstract(s)This investigation reports a new biotechnological process that uses L-cysteine (L-Cys) which provides a permanent, nontoxic and effective antimicrobial effect over wool-based materials. This process is simple and carried out via idespread exhausting methods. Typically, wool fabrics are incubated with L-Cys for 50 min at 60°C in a pH 4.8 acetate buffer solution 25 mM, under mild agitation to give a good absorption rate. The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of L-Cys was evaluated by the NCCLS M07-A6 standard method, and the results showed a good antibacterial activity against S. aureus and K. pneumoniae within the range of 6.0 × 10−3 − 4.8 × 10−2 g/mL [MIC 0.6% (w/v)] and 6.0 × 10−3 − 4.8 × 10−2 g/mL [MIC 0.6% (w/v)], respectively. In addition, the antimicrobial activity of the functionalized wool was assessed by the international standard JIS 1902-2002 showing a good inhibition of bacterial growth for an L-Cys concentration of 1% over the weight of fabric, both against Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Moreover, the biocidal mechanism was found to be related with the increase of sulfhydryl's groups onto wool fibers, which were quantified by the Ellman's reagent (5,5′-Dithio-bis(2-nitrobenzoic acid) method. The new process is easy to perform, non toxic, preserve wool quality and is a novel biomimetic approach that uses antimicrobial amino acids and may open new avenues for the design of biomedical textiles with a broad range of applications in healthcare.
Other identifiers1097-4628
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CEB - Publicações em Revistas/Séries Internacionais / Publications in International Journals/Series

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
34587_ftp.pdf429,17 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Partilhe no FacebookPartilhe no TwitterPartilhe no DeliciousPartilhe no LinkedInPartilhe no DiggAdicionar ao Google BookmarksPartilhe no MySpacePartilhe no Orkut
Exporte no formato BibTex mendeley Exporte no formato Endnote Adicione ao seu ORCID