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TitleBithiophene azo dyes bearing thiazole, benzothiazole and thiadiazole heterocycles: synthesis and comparative study of their photochromic properties
Author(s)Castro, M. Cidália R.
Coelho, Paulo J.
Fernandes, Sara S. M.
Fonseca, A. Maurício C.
Raposo, M. Manuela M.
Issue date2012
PublisherIupac Symposium on Photochemistry
Abstract(s)Although a large variety of diarylazo compounds are used in the design of optical materials, only a few reports concerning the photoisomerization of heterocyclic azo dyes can be found in the literature. In the last years our group reported for the first time the synthesis and characterization of heterocyclic azo dyes bearing thiophene and pyrrole moieties as thermally stable conducting materials, solvatochromic probes and nonlinear optical systems. The E/Z isomerizable N=N double bond within a conducting chain can work as molecular switch, making these (hetero)aryl azo systems promising candidates as photochromic materials [1-6]. As part of our continuing interest in heterocyclic azo dyes for optical applications we report here the synthesis of dithiazole azo dyes 4 using as coupling components bithiophene and thiadiazolyldiazonium salts and the comparative study of the photochromic properties of 4 classes of bithiophene azo dyes 1-4. This study reveals that the kinetics of the E-Z transformation of these systems is strongly influenced by the electronic nature of the heterocyclic diazene moiety as well as its position on the bithiophene system. Moreover, for benzothiazole 3 and thiadiazole 4 azo dyes the switching between the two photoisomers can be performed in 3 seconds with a significant conversion of the trans-isomer to the thermal unstable cis-isomer (19-21%) showing that they could be used as efficient photochromic materials. Thanks are due to the Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (Portugal) and FEDER-COMPETE for financial support through the Centro de Química - Universidade do Minho, Projects PTDC/QUI/66251/2006 (FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-007429), PEst-C/QUI/UI0686/2011 (F-COMP-01-0124-FEDER-022716) and a PhD grant to M. C. R. Castro (SFRH/BD/78037/2011). [1] Coelho, P. J.; Castro, M. C. R.; Fonseca, A. M. C.; Raposo, M.M.M. Dyes Pigments 2012, 92, 745. [2] Raposo, M. M. M.; Castro, M. C. R.; Schellenberg, P.; Fonseca, A. M. C.; Belsley, M. Tetrahedron 2011, 67, 5189. [3] Raposo, M. M. M.; Fonseca, A. M. C.; Castro, M. C. R.; Belsley, M.; Cardoso, M. F. S.; Carvalho, L. M.; Coelho, P. J. Dyes Pigments 2011, 91, 62. [4] Raposo, M. M. M.; Castro, M. C. R.; Belsley, M.; Fonseca, A. M. C. Dyes Pigments 2011, 91, 454. [5] Coelho, P. J.; Carvalho, L. M.; Moura, J. C. V. P.; Raposo, M. M. M. Dyes Pigments 2009, 82, 130. [6] Coelho, P. J.; Carvalho, L. M.; Fonseca, A. M. C.; Raposo, M. M. M. Tetrahedron Lett 2006, 47, 3711.
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Appears in Collections:CDQuim - Comunicações e Proceedings

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