Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1822/21319

TitleExciton states in free-standing and embedded semiconductor nanocrystals
Author(s)Núñez Fernández, Yuriel
Vasilevskiy, Mikhail
Larramendi, Erik
Trallero-Giner, Carlos
Issue date13-Jun-2012
PublisherIntechOpen
Abstract(s)Semiconductor quantum dots (QDs), often referred to as "artificial atoms", have discrete energy levels that can be tuned by changing the QD size and shape. The existence of zero-dimensional states in QDs has been proved by high spectrally and spatially resolved photoluminescence (PL) studies Empedocles et al. (1996); Grundmann et al. (1995). Semiconductor QDs can be divided into two types, (1) epitaxially grown self-assembled dots (SAQDs) and (2) nanocrystals (NCs) surrounded by a non-semiconductor medium. Usually, SAQDs are obtained by using appropriate combinations of lattice mismatched semiconductors, taking advantage of the Stranski-Krastanov growth mode where highly strained 2D layers relax by forming 3D islands instead of generating misfit dislocations. SAQDs are robust and already integrated into a matrix appropriate for device applications Grundmann (2002). However, the size, shape and size distributions of the 3D islands are determined only by the strain related to the lattice mismatch of the specific heterojunction. Also, the density and the possibility of obtaining different nanocrystals over a given substrate have considerable limitations in this method. […] Finally, we present some calculated results concerning free-standing and embedded QDs and check them against experimental trends reported in the literature.
TypeBook part
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/1822/21319
ISBN978-953-51-0648-7
DOI10.5772/36679
Publisher versionhttp://www.intechopen.com/
Peer-Reviewedyes
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CDF - CEP - Outros Documentos/Other Documents (without refereeing)

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