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|Title:||Immobilization of fibronectin in chitosan substrates improves cell adhesion and proliferation|
|Author(s):||Custódio, Catarina A.|
Alves, C. M.
Reis, R. L.
Mano, J. F.
|Journal:||Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine|
|Abstract(s):||Covalent grafting of biomolecules is a strategy to improve the biocompatibility and bioactivity of materials. However, it is critical to maintain the biological activity of the biomolecule upon its attachment to the surface. In the present study we compared the biological properties of chitosan, in which the surface was enriched with fibronectin (Fn), using two methodologies: chemical immobilization, using a water-soluble carbodiimide; and simple adsorption. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies confirmed the successful immobilization of Fn onto modifiedmembranes. SaOs- 2 cells were seeded onto these surfaces to assess the biological consequences of such modifications. The presence of Fn stimulated cell adhesion on chitosan. It was found that after 7 days of culture in the presence of covalently attached Fn, the cells are confluent; significantly fewer cells were detected in unmodified film and in film with adsorbed Fn. This result is consistent with the fact that considerable desorption of Fn from chitosan takes place within 24 h in culture medium. This study showed that Fn may be easily covalently attached onto chitosan substrates, improving the biological performance of the material. The technique could find applications in tissue-engineering strategies, as the surface modification of chitosan-based substrates could be carried out in more complex geometries, such as in scaffolds or particles.|
|Appears in Collections:||3B’s - Artigos em revistas/Papers in scientific journals|