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TitleModulation of bax mitochondrial insertion and induced cell death in yeast by mammalian protein kinase calpha
Author(s)Silva, Rui D.
Manon, Stéphen
Gonçalves, Jorge
Saraiva, Lucília
Côrte-Real, Manuela
Protein kinase Cα
Reactive oxygen species
Cyt c
Cytochrome c
Protein kinase C
Yeast mitochondria
Issue date2011
PublisherElsevier Inc.
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Abstract(s)Protein kinase Cα (PKCα) is a classical PKC isoform whose involvement in cell death is not completely understood. Bax, a major member of the Bcl-2 family, is required for apoptotic cell death and regulation of Bax translocation and insertion into the outer mitochondrial membrane is crucial for regulation of the apoptotic process. Here we show that PKCα increases the translocation and insertion of Bax c-myc (an active form of Bax) into the outer membrane of yeast mitochondria. This is associated with an increase in cytochrome c (cyt c) release, reactive oxygen species production (ROS), mitochondrial network fragmentation and cell death. This cell death process is regulated, since it correlates with an increase in autophagy but not with plasma membrane permeabilization. The observed increase in Bax c-myc translocation and insertion by PKCα is not due to Bax c-myc phosphorylation, and the higher cell death observed is independent of the PKCα kinase activity. PKCα may therefore have functions other than its kinase activity that aid in Bax c-myc translocation and insertion into mitochondria. Together, these results give a mechanistic insight on apoptosis regulation by PKCα through regulation of Bax insertion into mitochondria.
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:DBio - Artigos/Papers

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