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TitleNon-destructive evaluation of the mechanical behaviour of chestnut wood in tension and compression parallel to grain
Author(s)Feio, A. O.
Lourenço, Paulo B.
Machado, J. S.
KeywordsChestnut wood
Compression parallel to the grain
Non-destructive evaluation
Tension parallel to the grain
Pilodyn 6J
Resistograph (R)
Issue date2007
PublisherTaylor & Francis
JournalInternational Journal of Architectural Heritage
Abstract(s)The paper addresses the evaluation of strength and stiffness of chestnut wood, in tension and compression parallel to the grain, using different non-destructive techniques (ultrasounds, Resistograph and Pilodyn). Around two hundred timber specimens (divided into compression and tension tests) were tested up to failure, comprising recently sawn timber (which is now available on the market for structural purposes) and what was called old wood, obtained from structural elements belonging to ancient buildings. The possibility of predicting wood properties by application of non-destructive techniques is discussed based on simple linear regression models. Extrapolation of regression models obtained from recent cut wooden material to that obtained from old timber beams is analysed. The results show reasonable correlations between mechanical elastic properties and non-destructive techniques (ultrasounds, Resistograph and Pilodyn). New and old wood mechanical data exhibited a scattered cloud of points, implying in terms of assessment of properties of timber elements in service by regression models that these models should not be supported only on data from recently sawn wood. Therefore, models combining information from new and old wood specimens are proposed based on lower 95% confidence limits of regression lines.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:ISISE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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