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TitleInfluence of oxygen/argon pressure ratio on the morphology, optical and electrical properties of ITO thin films deposited at room temperature
Author(s)Cui, Hai-Ning
Teixeira, Vasco M. P.
Meng Lijian
Martins, R. F. P.
Fortunato, E.
KeywordsIndium tin oxide
DC sputtering
Optical and electrical properties
Free carrier density
The carrier mobility of the ITO film
free carrier density (n(c))
the carrier mobility (mu) of the ITO film
Issue date8-Aug-2008
Abstract(s)Transparent conductive oxides (TCOs) such as indium tin oxide (ITO) thin films onto glass substrates are widely used as transparent and conductive electrodes for a variety of technological applications including flat panel displays, solar cells, smart windows, touch screens, etc. ITO films on glass and polycarbonate (PC) substrates were prepared at room temperature (RT) and at different PO2 . The films were characterized in terms of the surface roughness (d), sheet resistance, the refractive index (n) and extinction coefficient (k). The free carrier density (nc) and the carrier mobility (m) of the ITO (In2O3:Sn) films were measured and studied. The nc and m values vary in different ratio of oxygen partial pressure ðPO2 Þ of ITO deposition. The observed changes in the ITO film resistivity are due to the combined effect of different parameter values for nc and m. From AFM analysis and spectra calculations, the surface roughness values of the ITO films were studied and it was observed that the d values were lower than 15 nm. The energy band gap Eg ranges from 3.26 eV to 3.66 eV as determined from the absorption spectrum. It was observed an increase on the energy band gap as the PO2 decrease in the range of 20–2% PO2 . The Lorentz oscillator classical model has also been used to fit the ellipsometric spectra in order to obtain both refractive index n and extinction coefficient k values.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CDF - GRF - Artigos/Papers (with refereeing)

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