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TitleObsessive compulsive disorder as a functional interhemispheric imbalance at the thalamic level
Author(s)Gonçalves, Óscar F.
Carvalho, Sandra
Leite, Jorge
Pocinho, Fernando
Relvas, João
Fregni, Felipe
Issue date2011
JournalMedical Hypotheses
Abstract(s)Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) involves failures in two main inhibitory processes, namely cognitive (obsessions) and behavioral (compulsions). Recent research has supported two cortical–subcortical pathways on OCD pathogenesis: (a) the frontostriatal loop (dorsolateral-caudate–striatum–thalamus) responsible for impairments of behavioral inhibition; (b) the orbitofrontal loop (orbitofrontal, medial prefrontal and cingulate) responsible for impairments with cognitive inhibitory processes. These failures in both cognitive and motor inhibitory systems may mediate several neuropsychological deficits in these patients, namely memory, attention, planning and decision making. But are those deficits related to specific hemispheric effects, namely functional imbalance between hemispheres? In this article we hypothesize that: (1) OCD patients have an inter-hemispheric functional imbalance, probably due to inadequate filtering at the thalamic level; (2) the restoration of inter-hemispheric balance, will be correlative to symptomatic improvement.
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CIPsi - Artigos (Papers)

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