Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1822/12719

TitleAutobiographical narratives in Williams Syndrome : structural, process and content dimensions
Author(s)Gonçalves, Óscar F.
Pinheiro, Ana P.
Sampaio, Adriana
Férnandez, Montse
Henriques, Margarida Rangel
Sousa, Nuno
KeywordsWilliams syndrome
Narrative
Autobiographical memory
Structure
Process
Content
Neurodevelopment
Issue dateAug-2011
PublisherSpringer
JournalJournal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
Abstract(s)Williams syndrome (WS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder, with an intriguing cognitive phenotype. Previous studies found support for an atypical profile of fictional narrative production in WS (Gonçalves et al. The British Journal of Developmental Disabilities, 56(111), 89-109, 2010). This study aimed at testing if the same profile is observed when individuals with WS tell autobiographical narratives. Using a new scoring system, structural (coherence), process (complexity) and content (multiplicity) aspects of autobiographical narrative production were analyzed in WS. Results suggest that individuals with WS produce autobiographical narratives that are significantly less coherent and complex than typically developing controls, although similar to controls in terms of content diversity. These findings point out to deficits in autobiographical narrative production in WS, suggesting the relative preservation of the social dimension of narrative production. These results also support the hypothesis that fictional and autobiographical narrative production may rely on different neurocognitive mechanisms.
TypeArticle
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/1822/12719
DOI10.1007/s10882-011-9228-2
ISSN1056-263X
Publisher versionhttp://www.springerlink.com/content/18111330w645x773/
Peer-Reviewedyes
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CIPsi - Artigos (Papers)
ICVS - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais com Referee

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