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TitleInternational comparisons of behavioral and emotional problems in preschool children: parents’ reports from 24 societies
Author(s)Rescorla, Leslie A.
Achenbach, Thomas M.
Gonçalves, Miguel M.
Ivanova, Masha Y.
Harder, Valerie S.
Otten, Laura
Bilenberg, Niels
Bjarnadottir, Gudrun
Capron, Christiane
De Pauw, Sarah S. W.
Dias, Pedro
Dobrean, Anca
Döpfner, Manfred
Duyme, Michel
Eapen, Valsamma
Erol, Nese
Esmaeil, Elaheh Mohammad
Ezpeleta, Lourdes
Frigerio, Alessandra
Fung, Daniel S. S.
Guðmundsson, Halldór
Suh-Fang Jeng
Jusiené, Roma
Kim, Young Ah
Kristensen, Solvejg
Jianghong Liu
Lecannelier, Felipe
Leung, Patrick W. L.
Machado, Bárbara César
Montirosso, Rosário
Kyung Ja Oh
Yoon Phaik Ooi
Plück, Julia
Pomalima, Rolando
Pranvera, Jetishi
Schmeck, Klaus
Shahini, Mimoza
Silva, Jaime R.
Simsek, Zeynep
Sourander, André
Valverde, José
Ende, Jan van der
Leeuwen, Karla G. van
Yen-Tzu Wu
Yurdusen, Sema
Zubrick, Stephen R.
Verhulst, Frank C.
Issue date2011
PublisherTaylor and Francis
JournalJournal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology
Abstract(s)International comparisons were conducted of preschool children’s behavioral and emotional problems as reported on the Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 1½–5 by parents in 24 societies (N¼19,850). Item ratings were aggregated into scores on syndromes; Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders–oriented scales; a Stress Problems scale; and Internalizing, Externalizing, and Total Problems scales. Effect sizes for scale score differences among the 24 societies ranged from small to medium (3–12%). Although societies differed greatly in language, culture, and other characteristics, Total Problems scores for 18 of the 24 societies were within 7.1 points of the omnicultural mean of 33.3 (on a scale of 0–198). Gender and age differences, as well as gender and age interactions with society, were all very small (effect sizes<1%). Across all pairs of societies, correlations between mean item ratings averaged .78, and correlations between internal consistency alphas for the scales averaged .92, indicating that the rank orders of mean item ratings and internal consistencies of scales were very similar across diverse societies.
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CIPsi - Artigos (Papers)

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