Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1822/11577

TitleBurials, corpses and offerings in the Bronze Age of NW Iberia as agents of social identity and memory
Author(s)Bettencourt, Ana M. S.
KeywordsNorthwest of the Iberian Peninsula
Bronze Age
Burials
Corpses
Offerings
Agents of memory
Agents of social identity
Nord-ouest de la Péninsule Ibérique
L'Age du Bronze
Cadavres
Tombes
Pratiques funéraires
Nouvelle structuration du paysage
Nouvelles conceptions idéologiques
Lieux d’identité et de mémoire sociale
Northwest of Iberian Peninsula
funerary practices
new structuration of the landscape
new ideological conceptions
places of identity and social memory
Issue date2010
PublisherArchaeopress
JournalBar International Series
CitationBETTENCOURT, Ana M. S. [et al.], eds. - “Conceptualising space and place on the role of agency, memory and identity in the construction of space from the Upper Palaeolithic to the Iron Age in Europe : proceedings of the XV World Congress of the International Union for Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences, Lisboa, 2006.” Oxford : Archaeopress, 2010. ISBN 978-1-4073-0547-9. p. 33-45.
Abstract(s)In this text we analyse several materialities related to the world of death during the Bronze Age in the Northwest of the Iberian Peninsula with the purpose of discussing the long-term role of the corpses, the sepulchral places and the offerings as agents of legitimization of the territory, of memory and of creation and maintenance of the group identity. The first framed hypothesis is that there seems to be different conceptions of death between the highlands, associated with communities with a more pastoral way of life, and the lowlands, more in connection with agricultural societies. The second one establishes that in both types of communities it was always in the Early Bronze when corpses had a greater weight as agents of legitimization of territory and identity. Finally, the third and last hypothesis assumes that from the Middle Bronze Age on the scenarios of power negotiation and maintenance are gradually transferred and spread into other contexts, such as the sites with rock engravings, the places of metal deposits and the settlements themselves. This may be in accordance with the possible increase of the practice of cremation in which the “consumed body” loses “visibility”.
In this text we analyse several materialities related to the world of death during the Bronze Age in the Northwest of the Iberian Peninsula with the purpose of discussing the long-term role of the corpses, the sepulchral places and the offerings as agents of legitimization of the territory, of memory and of creation and maintenance of the group identity. The first framed hypothesis is that there seems to be different conceptions of death between the highlands, associated with communities with a more pastoral way of life, and the lowlands, more in connection with agricultural societies. The second one establishes that in both types of communities it was always in the Early Bronze when corpses had a greater weight as agents of legitimization of territory and identity. Finally, the third and last hypothesis assumes that from the Middle Bronze Age on the scenarios of power negotiation and maintenance are gradually transferred and spread into other contexts, such as the sites with rock engravings, the places of metal deposits and the settlements themselves. This may be in accordance with the possible increase of the practice of cremation in which the “consumed body” loses “visibility”. Key-words: Northwest of Iberian Peninsula; Bronze Age; corpses, burials; funerary practices; new structuration of the landscape; new ideological conceptions; places of identity and social memory
Nous analysons plusieurs aspects concernant la mort et le monde des morts au cours de l’Age du Bronze dans le Nordouest de la Péninsule Ibérique. Nous cherchons à identifier et à comprendre le rôle des cadavres, des tombes et des offrandes et leur lien avec l’identité, la mémoire et le territoire du groupe. Trois hypothèses sont avancées. La première considère l’existence de différentes notions de la mort, séparant les communautés humaines habitant sur les hauteurs et dans la plaine. La seconde admet que, pendant le début de l’Age du Bronze, les corps jouaient un rôle majeur dans la reconnaissance de l’identité du territoire, au sein des deux communautés. A partir du Bronze moyen, la troisième théorie considère que le pouvoir est acquis et maintenu à l’aide d’autres apports, comme les zones d’art pariétale, les caches d’objets métalliques et les propres villages. Cela peut s’accorder avec la possibilité d’augmentation des crémations, puisque les corps brûlés perdent leur visibilité.
TypeConference paper
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/1822/11577
ISBN978-1-4073-0547-9
ISSN0143-3067
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:DH - Comunicações em encontros internacionais/Papers at International Meetings

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