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TitleInsights in non-Candida albicans Candida biofilms
Author(s)Henriques, Mariana
Martins, Margarida Isabel Barros Coelho
Negri, M.
Silva, Sónia Carina
Azeredo, Joana
Oliveira, Rosário
KeywordsNon‐Candida albicans Candida spp
Extracellular enzymes
Antifungal resistance
Extracellular alcohols
Issue date2009
PublisherUniversidade do Minho. Departamento de Engenharia Biológica (DEB)
CitationHENRIQUES, Mariana [et al.] - Insights in non-Candida albicans Candida biofilms. In Teixeira, J. A. [et al.], ed. lit. – “Book of abstracts of MicroBiotec09, 3, Vilamoura, Portugal, 2009”. [CD-ROM]. 1st ed. Braga : Departamento de Engenharia Biológica da Universidade do Minho, 2009. ISBN 978-972-97810-6-3.
Abstract(s)The number of infections caused by Candida spp has greatly increased in the past years, which has been attributed to an increase in the number of AIDS and immunocompromised patients, in the elderly population and the more frequent use of indwelling medical devices. Most Candidiasis have been attributed to Candida albicans, however, recently, non‐Candida albicans Candida (NCAC) spp, as C. parapsilosis, C. glabrata and C. tropicalis, have been identified as common pathogens. Furthermore, Candida biofilm formation has important clinical repercussions due to their inherent tolerance to antifungal therapy and ability to withstand host immune defenses. Consequently, it is of utmost importance to understand the physiology and virulence of NCAC spp biofilms. Thus, the main aim of this work is to present some insights in C. parapsilosis, C. glabrata and C. tropicalis biofilms, through (i) biofilm characterization (structure and matrix composition); (ii) evaluation of antifungal agents tolerance and (iii) determination of putative virulence factors (extracellular enzymes and extracellular alcohols). SEM observation of Candida spp biofilms revealed that biofilm architecture was neither species nor strain dependent. However, C. glabrata biofilms, which presented lower biomass, formed, generally, a more compact and thick structure than C. tropicalis and C. parapsilosis ones. Regarding matrix composition, C. glabrata presented, in general, higher amounts of proteins and polysaccharides, in opposition to C. tropicalis that presented lower amounts of both components. Biofilms antifungal resistance tests revealed that C. glabrata biofilms present high resistance to fluconazole and itraconazole, in comparison with the other NCAC spp biofilms. With respect to putative virulence factors, the production of extracellular enzymes, namely proteases and phospholipases was also evaluated in C. tropicalis but there were no differences in the levels of enzymes production by biofilm and planktonic cells. Regarding the extracellular alcohols, it was found that C. parapsilosis and C. tropicalis produce farnesol, 1‐dodecanol, 2‐ phenylethanol and isoamyl alcohol (already described for C. albicans). Furthermore, the latter was produced by C. tropicalis in a higher amount than by C. parapsilosis. Overall, with this extensive research work it was possible to describe and relate several virulence features of NCAC spp with their putative virulence and invasiveness of human epithelia.
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CEB - Resumos em Livros de Atas / Abstracts in Proceedings

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